Development Cooperation in Albania
The overarching goal of the Swedish reform work in Albania is to assist with the reforms needed to achieve candidate status and eventually an EU membership. Sweden supports Albania with about 80 million SEK per year and has provided aid for 15 years.
Recent years’ development efforts have focused on two areas: Democratic Governance and Human Rights and Natural Resources and Environment. The development cooperation, for which Sida is responsible, is guided by a results strategy valid from 2014 to 2020.
The Albanian public administration needs to become more efficient, open and transparent towards the public. Therefore, Sweden supports reforms of the Albanian Taxation Office, the Bureau of Statistics and the Albanian employment service. This is partly provided in the form of collegial support from the Swedish Tax Agency, Statistics Sweden and the Swedish Public Employment Service.
The opportunities for Albanian citizens to participate in and influence the reform process and EU rapprochement are limited. Through our support to Swedish organisations such as the Kvinna till Kvinna foundation, Civil Rights Defenders and the Olof Palme International Center, we are strengthening national organisations and media in their investigative and accountability role.
The first steps towards increasing civil society’s access to a legally safe and effective police force have been taken through the Swedish support to a community police reform within the Albanian police. There are still major challenges related to increasing women's participation in politics and governance, for this reason Sweden is supporting a project with the aim to increase women representation on all levels of the Albanian society.
Swedish support to reform processes in land use, forestry, water & irrigation is channeled through the World Bank. Sweden also supports the institutional cooperation (twinning) between the Albanian land surveying authority IPRO and the Swedish National Land Surveyor, to further strengthen the work of property registration.
Sweden has started to support the civil society organization REC that is working on environmental capacity building within civil society, and providing venues for dialogue and cooperation. A decision on Swedish support for water management was taken in late 2012, but the implementation has been delayed due to the election.