Why is it important to support work on environment and climate change in Cambodia?
Cambodia is considered to be particularly vulnerable to climate change impacts. The impacts of climate change are expected to increase the challenges in the development of the country. The vulnerability depends mainly on weak capacity for adaptation and mitigation at national and local levels.
The impact of climate change is expected to increase the challenges in the development of the country. Cambodia is expected to experience more intense and larger amounts of precipitation. The effects are likely to result in serious water shortages and floods, which can result in crop failure and food shortages. Ecological diversity and ecosystems are expected to increasingly be lost. Coastal communities may be affected by rising sea levels. Higher temperatures and humidity will create conditions for increased outbreaks of malaria and dengue fever. The poor and marginalised, especially women and children, will suffer most. Adaptation capacity to climate change and its effects is very low in all parts of society.
Swedish support and results
In Cambodia, Sweden has supported institutional capacity building in government and small-scale adaptation projects on the ground. In this way both the policy level and grass root level are reached. The Swedish support to the government has increased capacity and climate change integration into sectorial plans and policies and implementation of climate change activities The support has also helped making information on climate change more accessible through various media. Furthermore, a climate fund and a secretariat for funding and coordination of climate change efforts have been established and are well-functioning. As a result 19 pilot climate change adaptation from the cross government ministries have received a financial support and successfully implementation of climate adaptation within their ministries and at ground level. Moreover, the Climate Change Strategy Plan (CCSP) have recently been endorsed and launched. The Climate Change Communication Strategy and framework has also been developed and endorsed by the National Climate Change Committee (NCCC).
Through support to civil society organisations increased capacity has been built. The pilot projects have contributed in the economic benefits to several local communities, and the farmers have gained knowledge and changed traditional growth of crops/rice by using the new adaptation methods of rice seeds and plating in drought and flood. Local organisations are involved in integrating climate change and disaster risk reduction into the investment plans at the local level. This support have also increased capacity of local councils to identify climate change adaptation strategies in their commune investment planning, including 39 pilot projects have been approved and received financing to implement Climate Change Adaptation in eights districts and 23 Communes in two provinces of Cambodia.
What we do now and plan to do
During the current strategy period the Cambodian government is expected to access extensive financial support for climate adaptation. To contribute to the effective management of the financial resources, Sweden is supporting capacity development for planning, coordination and implementation of climate change adaptation at national and at local level.
• Cambodia Climate Change Alliance (CCCA), phase II
The overall objective aims to strengthen the capacity of Cambodia's National Climate Change Committee (NCCC) to fulfill its mandate to address climate change and to enable government ministries and Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) to implement priority climate change actions. Further, the programme aims at creating conditions in the form of capacity building an institutional strengthening to preparing for and mitigating climate change risks, and it also aims to directly help vulnerable communities to more climate change resilience.
The timeframe for the support is 2014-2019 with a total budget of 28 000 000 SEK.
• Cambodia Community Based Adaptation Programme (CCBAP)
The CCBAP aims to contribute to the capacity development of local Cambodian NGOs, Community Based Organisations (CBOs), local authorities (commune councils) and local communities in order to integrate and implement the community climate change adaptation and mitigation. The programme aims to reduce vulnerability and increase adaptive capacity of the targeted communities to manage the additional risks of climate change. It aims to reduce the vulnerability of Cambodia’s agricultural sector to climate induced changes in water resources availability. The programme is covering different vulnerable communities in 18 provinces.
The timeframe for this support is 2010-2015 with a total budget of 27 870 000 SEK.
• Local Governance and Climate Change (LGCC) Integration Project – Phase II
LGCC is a project of the Committee for Sub-National Democratic Development implemented in partnership with United Nations Capital Development Fund (UNCDF). The project aims to demonstrate the role of local governments in fostering climate change resilience to incorporate climate change in the Committee for Sub-National Democratic Development’s agenda, especially regarding planning and finance systems.
The timeframe for this support is 2014-2015 with a total budget of 12 480 000 SEK.
• Forum Syd Civil Society Increasing Democratic Process and Rights Related to Sustainable Management of Natural Resource in Cambodia
The objective with this support is to enable a just and sustainable society in Cambodia where poor and marginalised women and men have the ability and confidence to challenge existing power imbalances related to access, use and control of natural resources.
The timeframe for this support is 2014-2016 with a total budget of 45 000 000 SEK.