Presented here is the Embassy's country report on Zimbabwe.

Basic Information

Official Name Republic of Zimbabwe
Capital Harare (ca 1 700 000 inhabitants)
Population ca 13 000 000
Government Presidential Republic, Unitary State
Head of State,
Head of Government
President Robert Mugabe
Minister of Foreign Affairs Simbarashe Mumbengegwi
Area 390 757 km2 (Sweden 449 964)
Highest Peak  Inyangani 2 595 m
Largest Lake Lake Kariba (artificial)
Land Boundaries Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa,  Zambia
Other Cities Bulawayo, Mutare, Kwekwe, Gweru
Ethnic Groups Shona ca 70-80 %, Ndebele ca 15-20 %, other Bantu Peoples, whites, Asians
Official Languages English, Shona, Sindebele
Religion Christian 60-70 % (including 15-27 % Chatolic) indigenous beliefs, Muslim and other



Sweden in Zimbabwe

Sweden seeks to support democratic development and combat poverty in Zimbabwe. The Embassy also works to promote increased interaction between our two countries in trade, culture and other areas.  We strive to promote Swedish business interests and the image of Sweden in Zimbabwe, e.g. through cultural events and support to collaborations between Zimbabwean and Swedish industry. The Embassy works to strengthen relations between the two countries and the peoples, at all levels of society. We want to see an increased exchange between Sweden and Zimbabwe.

Bilateral relations between Sweden and Zimbabwe date back to times of substantial humanitarian aid provided by Sweden to the liberation movements. Prior to that, Swedish missionaries were involved in education and healthcare in Zimbabwe. After independence, in 1980, Sweden embarked on a generous development program to the country, supporting economic and social development, particularly in education and health.



The overall goal for Swedish development assistance in Zimbabwe is democratic development characterized by respect for human rights. In 2001, in response to a serious deterioration of respect for human rights Sweden diverted its support to civil society and UN agencies. In recent years, an earlier comprehensive humanitarian response has increasingly been superseded by development aid.

About half of the Swedish aid is channeled through multilateral organizations. This includes the UNICEF country program to support health, education, gender equality and child protection. Sweden also support African Development Bank programs for rehabilitation of infrastructure for water, sanitation and electricity. The other half is channeled through civil society organizations, which, inter alia, work with protection of human rights, election observations, promotion of gender equality and combating corruption.

The annual volume of Swedish aid to Zimbabwe amounts to about SEK 200-220 million.
The Government of Sweden approved a new five-year development cooperation strategy for Zimbabwe in April 2017 and the Embassy is preparing for its implementation.  

Trade and Investment

The commercial exchange between Sweden and Zimbabwe has been adversely affected by the economic and political decline in the country. As the economy recovers and the predictability of the business environment improves, enhanced opportunities for business cooperation emerge.