Presented here is the Embassy's country report on Zimbabwe.
||Republic of Zimbabwe
||Harare (ca 1 700 000 inhabitants)
||ca 13 000 000
||Presidential Republic, Unitary State
|Head of State,
Head of Government
|President Robert Mugabe
|Minister of Foreign Affairs
||390 757 km2 (Sweden 449 964)
||Inyangani 2 595 m
||Lake Kariba (artificial)
||Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia
||Bulawayo, Mutare, Kwekwe, Gweru
||Shona ca 70-80 %, Ndebele ca 15-20 %, other Bantu Peoples, whites, Asians
||English, Shona, Sindebele
||Christian 60-70 % (including 15-27 % Chatolic) indigenous beliefs, Muslim and other
Sweden in Zimbabwe
Sweden seeks to support democratic development and combat poverty in Zimbabwe. The Embassy also works to promote increased interaction between our two countries in trade, culture and other areas. We strive to promote Swedish business interests and the image of Sweden in Zimbabwe, e.g. through cultural events and support to collaborations between Zimbabwean and Swedish industry. The Embassy works to strengthen relations between the two countries and the peoples, at all levels of society. We want to see an increased exchange between Sweden and Zimbabwe.
Bilateral relations between Sweden and Zimbabwe date back to times of substantial humanitarian aid provided by Sweden to the liberation movements. Prior to that, Swedish missionaries were involved in education and healthcare in Zimbabwe. After independence, in 1980, Sweden embarked on a generous development program to the country, supporting economic and social development, particularly in education and health.
The overall goal for Swedish development assistance in Zimbabwe is democratic development characterized by respect for human rights. In 2001, in response to a serious deterioration of respect for human rights Sweden diverted its support to civil society and UN agencies. In recent years, an earlier comprehensive humanitarian response has increasingly been superseded by development aid.
About half of the Swedish aid is channeled through multilateral organizations. This includes the UNICEF country program to support health, education, gender equality and child protection. Sweden also support African Development Bank programs for rehabilitation of infrastructure for water, sanitation and electricity. The other half is channeled through civil society organizations, which, inter alia, work with protection of human rights, election observations, promotion of gender equality and combating corruption.
The annual volume of Swedish aid to Zimbabwe is about SEK 200 million. Sweden's current strategy plan for assistance to Zimbabwe will expire in December 2014 and the
preparations for a new strategy have begun.
Trade and Investment
The commercial exchange between Sweden and Zimbabwe has been adversely affected by the economic and political decline in the country. As the economy recovers and the predictability of the business environment improves, enhanced opportunities for business cooperation emerge.