Tackling Poverty, Supporting Democracy and Human Rights Rights (1999-2013)

  • Tackling poverty supporting deocracy and human rights

    Tackling poverty supporting deocracy and human rights Photo: ..

  • Tackling poverty supporting deocracy and human rights2

    Tackling poverty supporting deocracy and human rights Photo: ..

  • Tackling poverty supporting deocracy and human rights3

    Tackling poverty supporting deocracy and human rights Photo: ..

The turn of the century brought new challenges for Vietnam. The 2007 Asian financial crisis negatively impacted the country’s economic growth. In 2002 Vietnam began working towards accession to the WTO, and became a full member in 2007. Economic growth over this period contributed to further reductions in poverty. However, a significant urban-rural gap remains and ethnic disparities continue to be a feature of poverty in Vietnam.

Several key strategies were produced in the early 2000. The Comprehensive poverty reduction and Growth Strategy (CprGS) was presented to donors in 2002 with strong emphasis on economic growth as the primary engine of poverty reduction. Sweden provided approximately 480 million USD in ODA to Vietnam over the 11 year period between 1999 and 2009 - an annual average of approximately 44 million USD.

The strategic focus during the 1990s was on assisting the process of economic reform through technical support in areas such as taxation and economic management. In the early 2000, this began to shift towards a focus on public administration reform and improved governance. This entailed a subtle, but nevertheless important, transition towards more politically sensitive issues such as the promotion of democracy, government accountability, human rights and the increasingly important fight against corruption.